M K MccGwire
Michael MccGwire was born in 1924, and in August 1942 joined the naval force that escorted a convoy of merchant ships to beleaguered Malta. When the Second World War ended he studied Russian at Cambridge and later worked in intelligence in GCHQ, was assistant naval attaché at the British Embassy in Moscow, and a war-planner with the NATO's Supreme Allied Command Atlantic in Virginia, USA. At the end of his naval career he became Head of the Soviet Naval Section of the Defence Intelligence Staff, and received an OBE in the 1968 for his contribution to British naval intelligence. Michael retired from the Navy at the age of 42 and took a degree in Economics and International Politics. He went on to become Professor of Maritime and Strategic Studies at Dalhousie University in Canada and a Senior Fellow at the Brookings Institution in Washington DC. He is best known for the ‘MccGwire Thesis’ – the idea that the Soviet naval build-up, starting in the 1960's, was a reaction to the fear of Western maritime superiority. For over 50 years he was also a critic of nuclear deterrence.
Michael died in March 2016, aged 91.